Category: Ethics & Morality

Global Ethics Applied Vol. 1: Global Ethics, Economic Ethics

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The Bible doesn't limit itself to one particular normative school. For an excellent collection of philosophical essays on the morality of suicide which includes Brandt's piece, see Suicide: Right or Wrong?, edited by John Donnelly (Buffalo, New York: Prometheus Books, 1990). I am not entirely swayed by this suspicion. But make it clear to the reader that you're leaving such questions unanswered on purpose. When the philosophical going gets tough, those without this acquired expertise can easily feel out of their depth.

vertigo

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Whether there are additional goods that are emblematic of the natural law will depend on whether they in fact contribute to our rational perfection. He also claimed that the rational part of the soul or mind must govern the spirited, emotional and appetitive parts in order to lead all desires and actions to eudaimonia, the principal constituent of which is virtue. Cultural relativism gives no guidance on such questions. So you seem to be relying on an instrumentalist view of the value of science.

Plato's Meno

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The capacity to select for desired blood and tissue compatibilities has led to the much discussed 'saviour sibling' cases in which parents seek to 'have one child to save another'. It suggests a stern set of duties that require us to subordinate our natural desires -- and our sexual desires get particular emphasis here -- in order to obey the moral law. Based on the Tanner Lectures de Waal delivered at Princeton University's Center for Human Values in 2004, Primates and Philosophers includes responses by the philosophers Peter Singer, Christine M.

Seneca: Moral Essays, Volume III. De Beneficiis. (Loeb

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Some observers hold that individuals apply distinct sets of moral rules to people depending on their membership of an " in-group " (the individual and those they believe to be of the same culture or race) or an "out-group" (people not entitled to be treated according to the same rules). If this is right, then moral theories like egoism or utilitarianism that focus exclusively on self-interest are seriously flawed. At any rate, I should like to ask him whether he is now prepared to go a little further.

Wilfrid Sellars and the Foundations of Normativity

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When he's not doing these things you might find him outside running, or holed up inside designing websites. She admits that the moral law is knowable to reason: for the due regulation of our free actions, in which morality consists, is simply their right ordering with a view to the perfecting of our rational nature. Moral knowledge thus makes us self-governing. This most certainly has moral implications and consequences in his dealings with his fellow man. Various authors have been inspired, often in a critical frame of mind, to attempt to frame an historical overview of recent developments within ethics.

A Code of Morals

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I am determined not to engage in sexual relations without love and long-term commitment. To understand this, we must address three sub-questions: What is it to act freely? 1. Because we can't sit this one out! "Not to decide" about issues of environmental ethics is "to decide" -- in favor of the status quo, and in favor of "business as usual." To them, an ethical theory requires external (so to speak) justification—even if everyone is on the same page, these philosophers worry, everyone could be mistaken, just as getting everyone to believe that the Earth is flat would not make it so.

Kantian Ethics and the Ethics of Evolution

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He is one of the geniuses of our time in the art of attentional manipulation. This activity, however, has to be exercised in a perfect and enduring life. At that moment, testimony is being offered in support of the platforms by lobbyists for the oil companies. Remember, philosophy demands a high level of precision. In deliberating, we act according to a law we ourselves dictate, not according to the dictates of passion or impulse.

Phaedo

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Matters get worse if we want to makes duties of commission matters of law, as in some laws improperly called "good samaritan" laws. According to Piaget (1965), children construct and reconstruct their knowledge of the world through interactions with the environment. And don't turn in your only copy! (These things should be obvious, but apparently they're not.) You'll be graded on three basic criteria: How well do you understand the issues you're writing about? The former represent the practical necessity of a possible action as means to something else that is willed (or at least which one might possibly will).

Naturalism and Realism in Kant's Ethics

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Smith’s commitment to a realistic liberalism led him to endorse commercial society over any previous socio-economic system as a social order in which the most people possible could live decent lives. Morality is something humans think about, and is not based on physiological factors. Weekly or biweekly meetings to discuss recent literature in ethics, broadly construed so as to include ethical theory, normative ethics, jurisprudence, and historical traditions in these fields.

Embodiment and Education: 15 (Philosophy and Education)

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On the contrary, if we attend to the experience of men’s conduct, we meet frequent and, as we ourselves allow, just complaints that one cannot find a single certain example of the disposition to act from pure duty. These rights include familiar exclusionary rights to promote children’s welfare, etc. As selfish creatures, each of us would plunder our neighbors' property once their guards were down. It is often thought that we have a natural inclination to be selfish, so that learning to think of others is an admirable thing to do.